... more of the sort of basic (air-raid on steroids) instructions for the years immediately following the development of the Soviet A-bomb . Russia, under the total dictatorship of Stalin, was seen as an aggressive threat bent on world domination. Many feared that after surviving up to 40 million casualties during WWII, and still emerging as a world superpower, Stalin would see a first strike atomic attack against the USA as a viable option. Soviet long-range bomber ability was sorely lacking but the US military and scientific community pointed out that the Russians had developed their A-bomb years before expected; and "where there was a will- there was a way!" Comprehensive radar warning systems and effective fighter planes to detect and intercept bombers, before they were over US cities, were still on the drawing boards.